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SA 1105 - Introduction to Small Animal Management (Laskow)

Step #1: Finding a Research Article

Research Articles

Research articles are also often known as scientific or peer-reviewed articles. If the article is NOT written by the person or group who did the research, it is NOT a peer-reviewed or scientific article. Research articles are important for knowing what new discoveries have been made. This is why it is important to use recent articles, since they will be the first things published on a new scientific development. 

Here's a quick overview of how to identify these journal articles:

  • written by the scientist(s) who actually did the research
  • follows a specific format 
    • abstract
    • introduction
    • materials & methods
    • results
    • conclusions
    • references 
  • assumes reader already knows background information about the topic has been evaluated by experts
  • Tip:  Look for a statement about when the article was accepted for publication. Most peer-reviewed articles will include one.
Example of a Research Article


Finding Research Articles

The Library's databases are great places to find research articles. Databases like ScienceDirect contain limiters which will only show you research articles. 

BioOne and AVMA only contain peer-reviewed journals. But not every article in a peer-reviewed journal is a research article. Remember to look for original studies.

Step #2: Finding a Popular Press Article

Popular Press Articles

Popular press articles are also often known as non-scientific articles. They are most useful for very current or general information. 

Here's a quick overview of how to identify these articles:

  • about current events, opinions, and general information
  • include color photos and everyday product advertisements
  • written by journalists/reporters, staff or freelance writers
  • easy to understand writing

Popular press articles are often published as a reaction to a research article, making the information available to the general public.

Finding Popular Press Articles

Google News is often the best way to find popular press articles. You can also look at magazines and newspapers or their websites to find articles.

Step #3: Finding a Review Article

Review Articles

Review articles are written when authors read and summarize research on a topic. Review articles are useful for learning about what kind of research has been done previously on a topic.
Here's a quick overview of how to identify these articles:
  • current state of knowledge in the field
  • recent developments 
  • limitations of previous research
  • suggestions for future research
Example of a review article


Finding Review Articles

The Library's databases are great places to find review articles. Databases like ScienceDirect and Summon contain limiters which will only show you review articles. 

Step #4: Formatting Your Paper

Grading Rubric

Attached is the grading rubric you will have to follow to complete the assignment correctly. Below are examples of how to cite journal articles, newspaper articles, and websites. 

Journal Articles

Last name, first name. Year. "Article Title." Journal volume (issue, if available): pages. URL or DOI. 

Novak, William J. 2008. "The Myth of the 'Weak' American State." American Historical Review 113:752-72. doi:10.1086/ahr.113.3.752

Journal article with multiple authors
Include all authors, regardless of number, in the References List.

Last name, first name, and First name Last name. Year. "Article Title." Journal volume (issue, if available): pages. URL, if no DOI available. 

Choi, Stephen J., and G. Mitu Gulati. 2008. "Bias in Judicial Citations: A Window into the Behavior of Judges?" Journal of Legal Studies 37 (1): 87-129. doi:10.1086/588263.

Newspaper Articles

It is usually sufficient to cite newspaper and magazine articles entirely within the text. If, for some reason, a reference list entry is needed, the year of publication is separated from the month and day. 

Last name, first name. Year. "Title." Newspaper, Month day, pages if available. URL if available. 


Carey, Benedict. 2008. "For the Brain, Remembering is like Reliving." New York Times, September 4. 


Organization or author name. Year. "Webpage title." Owner of webpage. Access date, if last modified date is not available. URL. 


Microsoft Corporation. 2006. "WD2000: Visual Basic Macro to Assign Clipboard Text to a String Variable." Microsoft Help and Support. Last modified November 23, 2006.

Evanston Public Library Board of Trustees. 2008. “Evanston Public Library Strategic Plan, 2000-2010: A Decade of Outreach.” Evanston Public Library. Accessed July 19, 2016. /strategic-plan-00.html.