The laws of copyright are very specific, and hard to remember. Here are some important fast-facts when it comes to reproducing materials:
1. The making of copies: by photocopying, making microform reproductions, videotaping, or any other method of duplicating visually-perceptible material and
2. The making of phonorecords: by duplicating sound recordings, taping off the air, or any other method of recapturing sounds.
1. reproduce the copyrighted work in copies or phonorecords;
2. prepare derivative works based upon the copyrighted work;
3. to distribute copies or phonorecords of the copyrighted work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending.
1. A copyrighted work would be infringed by reproducing it in whole or in any substantial part, and by duplicating it exactly or by imitation or simulation.
2. Variations from the copyrighted work would still be an infringement as long as the author's "expression" rather than merely the author's "ideas" are taken.
1. the purpose and character of the use (educational purposes? for-profit?);
2. the nature of the copyrighted work;
3. the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
4. the effect of the use upon the potential market for or the value of the copyrighted work (are you preventing people from having to purchase the work?).
This is just a tidbit of some of the most common copyright questions. All of this information was taken from the Reproduction of Copyrighted Works by Educators and Librarians, which has been produced by the government. Please use the resource for more information.